An algorithm is like a set of instructions that you give to a computer or follow yourself to solve a problem or do something. It’s like a recipe that tells you what to do in a clear and organized way.

**Features of an Algorithm:**

**Clear Steps:**Algorithms have clear and precise steps that need to be followed.**Well-Defined Inputs and Outputs:**Algorithms take certain inputs, follow the steps, and produce specific outputs.**Finiteness:**Algorithms have a definite end. They eventually stop, giving you a solution or result.**Effective:**Algorithms are effective, meaning they provide the correct result for the given problem.**Feasible:**The steps in an algorithm are practical and doable.**Unambiguous:**Each step in an algorithm has a clear meaning, and there’s no confusion about what to do.

**Example: Algorithm to Make a Sandwich:** Let’s consider making a sandwich as an example of an algorithm:

**Inputs:** Bread, peanut butter, jelly **Output:** Peanut butter and jelly sandwich

**Steps:**

- Take two slices of bread.
- Spread peanut butter on one slice.
- Spread jelly on the other slice.
- Press the slices together, peanut butter and jelly sides facing each other.
- Your peanut butter and jelly sandwich is ready!

**Algorithm to Generate Fibonacci Series:** The Fibonacci series is a sequence of numbers where each number is the sum of the two preceding ones. Here’s how you could create a simple algorithm to generate a Fibonacci series up to 10 terms:

**Inputs:** Number of terms (let’s say 10)

**Output:** Fibonacci series: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34

**Steps:**

- Set a counter variable to keep track of the terms (start from 1).
- Initialize variables
`prev1`

and`prev2`

as 0 and 1. - Print 0 (the first term).
- Repeat the following steps for the remaining terms (up to the given number of terms – 1):
- a. Calculate the next Fibonacci term: next_term = prev1 + prev2.
- b. Print next_term.
- c. Update prev1 with the value of prev2.
- d. Update prev2 with the value of next_term.
- e. Increment the counter.

- Algorithm ends.

This algorithm calculates and displays the first 10 terms of the Fibonacci series.